Osteoporosis, which literally means porous bone, is a disease in which the bone density is reduced leading to increased risk of bone fracture. This disease affects people who are middle aged or older. Women are at a particularly higher risk because menopause is accompanied by oestrogen deficiency, which accelerates bone loss. This increases a woman's risk for osteoporosis. Worldwide, approximately 1 in 3 women over 50 years of age and 1 in 5 men over 50 years of age are at risk of an osteoporotic fracture.
Bone health can be affected by many factors such as heredity, diet, physical activity, hormonal levels and lifestyle. The importance of calcium has long been recognized in bone health. Lack of calcium in the body contributes to weak bones and an increased risk of bone fractures. However, as important as calcium is to bone health, only 25% of women with osteoporosis are calcium deficient. New evidence clearly supports the view that multiple nutrients are essential for bone health and for reducing osteoporosis. Magnesium and vitamin D enhance the absorption of calcium. Zinc in turn supports metabolism of vitamin D. Manganese and copper are trace minerals that support bone health, too. Live-well OsteCAL Complex provides calcium, magnesium, vitamin D, zinc, manganese and copper in one synergistic 6-in-1 bone formula.
Knowing your risk factors is the first step in successfully fighting osteoporosis. Some risk factors may be modifiable through changes in lifestyle.
Tips for lowering the risk of osteoporosis include:
- Ensuring adequate calcium and vitamin D in your diet
- Increasing weight-bearing exercises to help promote bone mineral density
- Limiting cigarette use and alcohol intake
- Maintaining healthy body weight
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- Committee to Review Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin D and Calcium, Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2010
- Elders PJ, Lips P, Netelenbos JC, van Ginkel FC, Khoe E, van der Vijgh WJ, et al. "Long-term eect of calcium supplementation on bone loss in perimenopausal women." J Bone Min Res 1994; 9:963-70
- "Facts and Statistics," International Osteoporosis Foundation, www.iofbonehealth.org/facts-statistics
- Heaney RP. "Bone mass, nutrition, and other lifestyle factors." Nutr Rev 1996; 54:S3-S10.
- Lappe J, Cullen D, Haynatzki G, Recker R, Ahlf R, Thompson K. "Calcium and vitamin d supplementation decreases incidence of stress fractures in female navy recruits." J Bone Miner Res 2008 May; 23(5):741-9